USES OF EPIDEMIOLOGICAL DATA

by DrChika

Epidemiological data has immense benefit to the health of any people as well as their standard of living as it relates to their health. Results from epidemiological studies are used for health planning and the development of tangible public health set of rules that help a particular population to evade and contain infectious disease-causing microorganisms and their spread. Some of the specific uses of epidemiological data are as given below:

  • Information from epidemiological studies is used to complete the picture of a particular disease by putting together the results of laboratory scientists and clinical doctors.
  • Data from epidemiology is used to study disease history in a population of people.
  • They are used for planning health delivery services and other public health issues.
  • They are used to study and decipher the etiology of diseases.
  • They are used to determine the contributing factors in a disease state.
  • They are used to determine the geographic pattern of disease spread.
  • They are used to determine the mode of transmission of disease in a population.
  • They are used to determine the natural/primary cause of a disease.
  • They are used to evaluate and assess the risks factors of susceptible individuals.
  • They are used to identify possible syndromes and symptoms of a disease.
  • They are used to develop interventional measures for the control, prevention, and possible elimination of the disease cause and the disease itself. 

References

Aschengrau A and Seage G.R (2013). Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health. Third edition. Jones and Bartleh Learning,

Aschengrau, A., & G. R. Seage III. (2009). Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health.  Boston:  Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Bonita R., Beaglehole R., Kjellström T (2006). Basic epidemiology.  2nd edition. World Health Organization. Pp. 1-226.

Brooks G.F., Butel J.S and Morse S.A (2004). Medical Microbiology, 23rd edition. McGraw Hill Publishers. USA.

Castillo-Salgado C (2010). Trends and directions of global public health surveillance. Epidemiol Rev, 32:93–109.

Centers for Disease Control and National Institutes of Health (1999). Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories, 4th edn, Washington DC: CDC.

Gordis L (2013). Epidemiology. Fifth edition. Saunders Publishers, USA.

Guillemin J (2006). Scientists and the history of biological weapons. European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO) Reports, Vol 7, Special Issue: S45-S49.

Halliday JE, Meredith AL, Knobel DL, Shaw DJ, Bronsvoort BMC, Cleaveland S (2007). A framework for evaluating animals as sentinels for infectious disease surveillance. J R Soc Interface, 4:973–984.

Lucas A.O and Gilles H.M (2003). Short Textbook of Public Health Medicine for the tropics. Fourth edition. Hodder Arnold Publication, UK.

MacMahon   B.,   Trichopoulos   D (1996). Epidemiology Principles and Methods.   2nd ed. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company. USA.

Nelson K.E and Williams C (2013). Infectious Disease Epidemiology: Theory and Practice. Third edition. Jones and Bartleh Learning. 

Porta M (2008). A dictionary of epidemiology. 5th edition. New York: Oxford University Press.

Rothman K.J and Greenland S (1998). Modern epidemiology, 2nd edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven. 

Rothman K.J, Greenland S and Lash T.L (2011). Modern Epidemiology. Third edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

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