Public Health & Parasitic Diseases (Parasitology)

LEISHMANIASIS

Leishmaniasis is the parasitic disease caused by the protozoal organism, Leishmania. The disease affects the skin, spleen and the liver, and it is usually characterized by extensive lesions on the skin (in the mouth, throat and nose region) that sometimes leads to deformity of the affected body part. Leishmaniasis can be old world or new

LEISHMANIASIS Read More »

Public Health & Parasitic Diseases (Parasitology), , , , , , ,

FACTORS THAT AFFECT TRANSMISSION OF MALARIA

Environmental factors greatly enhances the spread and transmission of malaria because these climatic factors which are more prone in one part of the world than the other helps the female Anopheles mosquito (that harbours the Plasmodium parasite) to thrive and multiply successfully. The spread of malaria infection in a given population is controlled and affected

FACTORS THAT AFFECT TRANSMISSION OF MALARIA Read More »

Public Health & Parasitic Diseases (Parasitology), ,

TERMINOLOGIES USED IN PLASMODIUM INFECTION

References Aschengrau A and Seage G.R (2013). Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health. Third edition. Jones and Bartleh Learning, Beers M.H., Porter R.S., Jones T.V., Kaplan J.L and Berkwits M (2006). The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. Eighteenth edition. Merck & Co., Inc, USA. Chiodini P.L., Moody A.H., Manser D.W (2001). Atlas of medical

TERMINOLOGIES USED IN PLASMODIUM INFECTION Read More »

Public Health & Parasitic Diseases (Parasitology),

LIFE CYCLE OF MOSQUITO

Mosquito species including those of Anopheles carry out effective breeding and survival in freshwaters (i.e. waters with low salinity) than in salt waters (i.e. waters with high salinity). If the water in which the mosquito lays its eggs has high salt concentration (too saline), the larva and pupa stage of the mosquito cannot survive and

LIFE CYCLE OF MOSQUITO Read More »

Public Health & Parasitic Diseases (Parasitology), ,

HUMAN PLASMODIUM SPECIES: causative agents of malaria

Malaria in humans is majorly caused by four (4) species of Plasmodium. Plasmodium species are in the Phylum Alveolata, Subphylum Apicomplexa, Class Haematozoa,Order Haemosporida, and Genus Plasmodium. Plasmodium parasite is naturally transmitted to susceptible human hosts from an insect vector called female Anopheles mosquito. The 4 major and well known infectious species of Plasmodium that

HUMAN PLASMODIUM SPECIES: causative agents of malaria Read More »

Public Health & Parasitic Diseases (Parasitology), , ,

TRICHINELLOSIS

Trichinellosis or trichinosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by tissue nematodes or roundworms after the ingestion of contaminated meat (e.g. undercooked or raw pork meat) containing the encysted larva of the parasite. The disease is also common in pigs, rats and other domestic and wild animals; and the causative agent of trichinosis is known

TRICHINELLOSIS Read More »

Public Health & Parasitic Diseases (Parasitology), , , ,

PARAGONIMIASIS

Paragonimiasis or lung-fluke infection is a protozoan lung disease that resembles bacterial tuberculosis in humans; and it is caused by trematodes or flukes. It is a lung-fluke disease that has a worldwide distribution but more prevalent in parts of Asia including China, Taiwan, Indonesia and Japan. The disease has also been reported in some parts

PARAGONIMIASIS Read More »

Public Health & Parasitic Diseases (Parasitology), , , , , , , , ,

DRACUNCULIASIS

Dracunculiasis is a crippling parasitic disease that is caused by a tissue nematode (roundworm) which is usually found in the subcutaneous tissue of infected humans. It is also known as guinea worm ulcer disease because the disease causes ulcer or boil on the skin of infected human hosts. The roundworm starts to emerge from the

DRACUNCULIASIS Read More »

Public Health & Parasitic Diseases (Parasitology), , , , , ,